A discussion of the issue of immigration and americas future

What are recent developments on the subject of race relations?

A discussion of the issue of immigration and americas future

Executive Summary Using the latest Census Bureau data from andthis paper provides a detailed picture of the more than 50 million immigrants legal and illegal and their U.

Moreover, many immigrants make significant progress the longer they live in the country. But even with this progress, immigrants who have been in the United States for 20 years are much more likely to live in poverty, lack health insurance, and access the welfare system than are native-born Americans.

The large share of immigrants arriving as adults with relatively little education partly explains this phenomenon. Overall Numbers The number of immigrants legal and illegal in the country hit a new record of 40 million ina 28 percent increase over the total in Of top sending countries, the largest percentage increase in the last decade was for those from Honduras 85 percentIndia 74 percentGuatemala 73 percentPeru 54 percentEl Salvador 49 percentEcuador 48 percentand China 43 percent.

Labor Force In March ofthe share of working-age 18 to 65 immigrants holding a job was the same as natives — 68 percent. Immigrant men have higher rates of work than native-born men, while immigrant women have lower rates.

While immigrants tend to be concentrated in certain jobs, natives comprise the majority of workers in virtually every occupational category. For example, natives comprise 52 percent of maids, 73 percent of janitors, 66 percent of construction laborers, and 65 percent of butchers and meat processors.

Poverty In23 percent of immigrants and their U. Immigrants and their children accounted for one-fourth of all persons in poverty. The children of immigrants account for one-third of all children in poverty.

Among the top sending countries, poverty is highest for immigrants and their young children from Mexico 35 percentHonduras 34 percentand Guatemala 31 percent ; and lowest for those from Germany 7 percentIndia 6 percentand the Philippines 6 percent.

Welfare Use In36 percent of immigrant-headed households used at least one major welfare program primarily food assistance and Medicaid compared to 23 percent of native households. Among the top sending countries, welfare use is highest for households headed by immigrants from Mexico 57 percentGuatemala 55 percentand the Dominican Republic 54 percent ; and lowest for those from Canada 13 percentGermany 10 percentand the United Kingdom 6 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage In29 percent of immigrants and their U. New immigrants and their U. Among the top sending countries, the highest rates of uninsurance are for those from Guatemala 46 percentHonduras 44 percentEl Salvador 44 percentand Mexico 41 percent ; and lowest for those from Canada 9 percentJapan 8 percentand Germany 5 percent.

Public Schools There are Of these students, 78 percent speak a language other than English at home. Overall, one in four public school students now speaks a language other than English at home. Homeownership Of immigrant households, 53 percent are owner-occupied, compared to 68 percent of native households.

Rates of home ownership are highest for immigrants from Italy 83 percentGermany 75 percentand the United Kingdom 73 percent ; and lowest for those from Guatemala 30 percentHonduras 28 percentand the Dominican Republic 24 percent.About one-in-three Americans would be an immigrant or have immigrant parents, compared with one-in-four today.

These projections show that new immigrants and their descendants will drive most U.S. population growth in the coming 50 years, as they have for the past half-century. But the big changes they study will shape the issues we'll be debating for decades to come. cities where the American future is going to be worked out.” around the idea that immigration.

Founded in , Young Professionals of the Americas (YPA) is a member initiative of AS/COA that provides a platform for young professionals in their 20s and 30s to connect around the latest trends in the Americas through its New York City, Miami, and Washington, DC chapters.

Infrastructure is among health care, immigration, trade and other pressing topics on the American political agenda that need immediate attention. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.

A discussion of the issue of immigration and americas future

Issues Illegal Immigration Find out more. Issues Legal Immigration Find out more. Issues Legislation Find out more. Issues National Security Find out more.

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Region: Americas | Pew Research Center